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Viser: Introduction to Organic Laboratory Techniques - A Small-Scale Approach, International Edition

Introduction to Organic Laboratory Techniques - A Small-Scale Approach, International Edition, 3. udgave

Introduction to Organic Laboratory Techniques

A Small-Scale Approach, International Edition
Randall G. Engel
Sprog: Engelsk
Delmar Cengage Learning
1.545,00 kr.
Denne bog er endnu ikke udgivet. Den forventes May 2010.

Detaljer om varen

  • 3. Udgave
  • Paperback: 1024 sider
  • Udgiver: Delmar Cengage Learning (Maj 2010)
  • ISBN: 9780538733281
Featuring new experiments, a new essay, and new coverage of nanotechnology, this organic chemistry laboratory textbook offers a comprehensive treatment of laboratory techniques including small scale and some microscale methods that use standard-scale ("macroscale") glassware and equipment. The book is organized based on essays and topics of current interest and covers a large number of traditional organic reactions and syntheses, as well as experiments with a biological or health science focus. Seven introductory technique-based experiments, thirteen project-based experiments, and sections on green chemistry and biofuels spark students' interest and engage them in the learning process. Instructors may choose to offer Cengage Learning's optional Premium Website, which contains videos on basic organic laboratory techniques.
Introduction.WELCOME TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY.Laboratory Safety. Organization of the Textbook. Advance Preparation. Budgeting Time. Purpose.
Part One: The Techniques.Technique
1: Laboratory Safety.Technique
2: The Laboratory Notebook, Calculations, and Laboratory Records.Technique
3: Laboratory Glassware: Care and Cleaning.Technique
4: How to Find Data for Compounds: Handbooks and Catalogs.Technique
5: Measurement of Volume and Weight.Technique
6: Heating and Cooling Methods.Technique
7: Reaction Methods.Technique
8: Filtration.Technique
9: Physical Constants of Solids: The Melting Point.Technique
10: Solubility.Technique
11: Crystallization: Purification of Solids.Technique
12: Extractions, Separations, and Drying Agents.Technique
13: Physical Constants of Liquids: The Boiling Point and Density.Technique
14: Simple Distillation.Technique
15: Fractional Distillation, Azeotropes.Technique
16: Vacuum Distillation, Manometers.Technique
17: Sublimation.Technique
18: Steam Distillation.Technique
19: Column Chromatography.Technique
20: Thin-Layer Chromatography.Technique
21: High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC).Technique
22: Gas Chromatography.Technique
23: Polarimetry.Technique
24: Refractometry.Technique
25: Infrared Spectroscopy.Technique
26: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (Proton NMR).Technique
27: Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.Technique
28: 6 Mass Spectrometry.Technique
29: Guide to the Chemical Literature.
Part Two: Introduction to Basic Laboratory Techniques.Experiment
1: Solubility.Experiment
2: Crystallization.Experiment
3: Extraction.Experiment
4: A Separation and Purification Scheme.Experiment 4A: Extractions with a Separatory Funnel.Experiment
5: Chromatography.Experiment 5A: Thin-Layer Chromatography.Experiment 5B: Selecting the Correct Solvent for Thin-Layer Chromatography.Experiment 5C: Monitoring a Reaction with Thin Layer Chromatography.Experiment 5D: Column Chromatography.Experiment
6: Simple and Fractional Distillation.Experiment
7: Infrared Spectroscopy and Boiling-Point Determination.Experiment
8: Acetylsalicylic Acid.Experiment
9: Acetaminophen.Experiment
10: TLC Analysis of Analgesic Drugs.Experiment
11: Isolation of Caffeine.Experiment 11A: Extraction of Caffeine from Tea.Experiment 11B: Isolation of Caffeine from a Tea Bag.Experiment
12: Isopentyl Acetate (Banana Oil).Experiment
13: Isolation of Eugenol from Cloves.Experiment
14: Spearmint and Caraway Oil: (+)- and (-)-Carvones.Experiment
15: Isolation of Chlorophyll and Carotenoid Pigments from Spinach.Experiment
16: Ethanol from Sucrose.
Part Three: Introduction to Molecular Modeling.Experiment
17: An Introduction to Molecular Modeling.Experiment 17A: The Conformations of n-Butane: Local Minima.Experiment 17B: Cyclohexane Chair and Boat Conformations.Experiment 17C: Substituted Cyclohexane Rings (Critical Thinking Exercise).Experiment 17D: cis- and trans-2-Butene.Experiment
18: Computational Chemistry.Experiment 18A: Heats of Formation: Isomerism, Tautomerism, and Regioselectivity.Experiment 18B: Heats of Reaction: SN1 Reaction Rates.Experiment 18C: Density-Electrostatic Potential Maps: Acidities of Carboxylic Acids.Experiment 18D: Density-Electrostatic Potential Maps: Carbocations.Experiment 18E: Density-LUMO Maps: Reactivities of Carbonyl Groups.
Part Four: Preparations and Reactions of Organic Compounds.Experiment
19: Reactivities of Some Alkyl Halides.Experiment
20: Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions: Competing Nucleophiles.Experiment 20A: Competitive Nucleophiles with 1-Butanol or 2-Butanol.Experiment 20B: Competitive Nucleophiles with 2-Methyl-2-Propanol.Experiment 20C: Analysis.Experiment
21: Synthesis of n-Butyl Bromide and t-Pentyl Chloride.Experiment 21A: n-Butyl Bromide.Experiment 21B: t-Pentyl Chloride.Experiment
22: 4-Methylcyclohexene.Experiment
23: Methyl Stearate from Methyl Oleate.Experiment
24: Gas-Chromatographic Analysis of Gasolines.Experiment
25: Biodiesel.Experiment 25A: Biodiesel from Coconut Oil.Experiment 25B: Biodiesel from Other Oils.Experiment 25C: Analysis of Biodiesel.Experiment
26: Ethanol from Corn.Experiment
27: Chiral Reduction of Ethyl Acetoacetate; Optical Purity Determination.Experiment 27A: Chiral Reduction of Ethyl Acetoacetate.Experiment 27B: NMR Determination of the Optical Purity of Ethyl (S)-3-Hydroxybutanoate.Experiment
28: Nitration of Aromatic Compounds Using a Recyclable Catalyst.Experiment
29: Reduction of Ketones Using Carrots as Biological Reducing Agents.Experiment
30: Resolution of (±)-a-Phenylethylamine and Determination of Optical Purity.Experiment 30A: Resolution of (±)-a-Phenylethylamine.Experiment 30B: Determination of Optical Purity Using NMR and a Chiral Resolving Agent.Experiment
31: An Oxidation-Reduction Scheme: Borneol, Camphor, Isoborneol.Experiment
32: Multistep Reaction Sequences: The Conversion of Benzaldehyde to Benzilic Acid.Experiment 32A: Preparation of Benzoin by Thiamine Catalysis.Experiment 32B: Preparation of Benzil.Experiment 32C: Preparation of Benzilic Acid.Experiment
33: Triphenylmethanol and Benzoic Acid.Experiment 33A: Triphenylmethanol.Experiment 33B: Benzoic Acid.Experiment
34: Aqueous-Based Organozinc Reactions.Experiment
35: Sonogashira Coupling of Iodosubstituted Aromatic Compounds with Alkynes using a Palladium Catalyst.Experiment
36: Grubbs Catalyzed Metathesis of Eugenol with 1,4-Butenediol to Prepare a Natural Product.Experiment
37: The Aldol Condensation Reaction: Preparation of Benzalacetophenones (Chalcones).Experiment
38: A Green Enantioselective Aldol Condensation Reaction.Experiment
39: Preparation of an a,b-Unsaturated Ketone via Michael and Aldol Condensation Reactions.Experiment
40: Preparation of Triphenylpyridine.Experiment
41: 1,4-Diphenyl-1,3-Butadiene.Experiment
42: Relative Reactivities of Several Aromatic Compounds.Experiment
43: Nitration of Methyl Benzoate.Experiment
44: Benzocaine.Experiment
45: N,N-Diethyl-m-toluamide: The Insect Repellent OFF".Experiment
46: Sulfa Drugs: Preparation of Sulfanilamide.Experiment
47: Preparation and Properties of Polymers: Polyester, Nylon, and Polystyrene.Experiment 49A: Polyesters.Experiment 49B: Polyamide (Nylon).Experiment 49C: Polystyrene.Experiment 49D: Infrared Spectra of Polymer Samples.Experiment
48: Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP) Using a Grubbs Catalyst: A Three-Step Synthesis of a Polymer.Experiment 48A: Diels-Alder Reaction of Furan and Maleic Anhydride.Experiment 48B: Ring Opening of Anhydride in Methanol.Experiment 48C: Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP).Experiment 48A: Diels-Adler Reaction.Experiment 48B: Conversion of the Diels-Adler Adduct to the Diester.Experiment 48C: Synthesizing the Polymer by Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP).Experiment
49: The Diels-Alder Reaction of Cyclopentadiene with Maleic Anhydride.Experiment
50: Diels-Alder Reaction with Anthracene-9-methanol.Experiment
51: Photoreduction of Benzophenone and Rearrangement of Benzpinacol to Benzopinacolone.Experiment 51A: Photoreduction of Benzophenone.Experiment 51B: Synthesis of b-Benzpinacolone: The Acid-Catalyzed Rearrangement of Benzpinacol.Experiment
52: Luminol.Experiment
53: Analysis of A Diet Soft Drink by HPLC.Experiment
54: Carbohydrates.
Part Four: Identification of Organic Substances.Experiment
55: Identification of Unknowns.Experiment 55A: Solubility Tests.Experiment 55B: Tests of the Elements (N, S, X).Experiment 55C: Tests for Unsaturation.Experiment 55D: Aldehydes and Ketones.Experiment 55E: Carboxylic Acids.Experiment 55F: Phenols.Experiment 55G: Amines.Experiment 55H: Alcohols.Experiment 55I: Esters.
Part Six: Project-Based Experiments.Experiment
56: Preparation of a C-4 or C-5 Acetate Ester.Experiment
57: Isolation of Essential Oils from Allspice, Caraway, Cinnamon, Cloves, Cumin, Fennel, or Star Anise.Experiment 57A: Isolation of Essential Oils by Steam Distillation.Experiment 57B: Identification of the Constituents of Essential Oils by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.Experiment 57C: Investigation of the Essential Oils of Herbs and Spices--A Mini-Research Project.Experiment
58: Competing Nucleophiles in SN1 and SN2 Reactions: Investigations Using 2-Pentanol and 3-Pentanol.Experiment
59: Friedel-Crafts Acylation.Experiment
60: The Analysis of Antihistamine Drugs by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.Experiment
61: Carbonation of an Unknown Aromatic Halide.Experiment 62 The Aldehyde Enigma.Experiment 63 Synthesis of Substituted Chalcones: A Guided-Inquiry Experience.Experiment
64: Green Epoxidation of Chalcones.Experiment
65: Cyclopropanation Reactions on Chalcones.Experiment
66: Michael and Aldol Condensation Reactions.Experiment
67: Esterification Reactions of Vanillin: The Use of NMR to Determine at Structure.Experiment
68: An Oxidation Puzzle.
Part Seven: Essays.Essay
1: Aspirin.Essay
2: Analgesics.Essay
3: Identification of Drugs.Essay
4: Caffeine.Essay
5: Esters--Flavors and Fragrances.Essay
6: Terpenes and Phenylpropanoids.Essay
7: Stereochemical Theory of Odor.Essay
8: The Chemistry of Vision.Essay
9: Ethanol and Fermentation Chemistry.Essay
10: Molecular Modeling and Molecular Mechanics.Essay
11: Computational Chemistry--ab Intio and Semiempirical Methods.Essay
12: Fats and Oils.Essay
13: Petroleum and Fossil Fuels.Essay
14: Biofuels.Essay
15: Green Chemistry.Essay
16: Local Anesthetics.Essay
17: Pheromones: Insect Attractants.Essay
18: Sulfa Drugs.Essay
19: Polymers and Plastics.Essay
20: Diels-Alder Reaction and Insecticides.Essay
21: Fireflies and Photochemistry.Essay
22: The Chemistry of Sweeteners.Appendices.Appendix
1: Tables of Unknowns and Derivatives.Appendix
2: Procedures for Preparing Derivatives.Appendix 3 Index of Spectra."
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